Carbon emission is posing a threat to the rice and coffee production in Indonesia and will significantly impact the agro economy, according to a recent study published by scientists. Indonesia is the third largest producer of rice, fourth largest in coffee production.
As per the study, Indonesia’s rice production would be reduced to millions of tonnes/year, drastically slashing exports by a third and a surge of 50 percent in prices. According to reports, the study noted that extreme climate conditions will cause a significant reduction in planted area and agricultural production. “We must enhance our adaptation and mitigation efforts to ensure food security,” an author of the study was quoted.
While the report focuses on the Indonesian economy and food security, this will create a huge domino effect on the global market as well. Currently, the ongoing Russia-Ukraine war has impacted the global economy and availability of resources.
Scientists put emphasis on the role of mitigation in reducing carbon emission and yielding higher agro-productivity. The report highlights that without a significant increase in mitigation efforts, the number of days where the temperature and rainfall conditions suitable for coffee and rice production will decrease.
Climate change will reduce Indonesia’s rice production by 3.5 million tons and lead to an increase in coffee prices for both the Arabica and Robusta bean varieties. Indonesia's coffee exports may fall by 2-35 percent.
Study results state the need for action in combating climate change to dodge catastrophic impact on the environment and agriculture sector. Failing in reducing carbon emissions will put a burden on the Indonesian market and food security, and create a ripple effect on the world economy as well.