India has been ranked amongst the top five countries in the world, and the best among the G20 countries, based on its climate change performance. India jumps two spots higher, and is now ranked 8th as per Climate Change Performance Index (CCPI, 2023) published by German Watch, New Climate Institute and Climate Action Network International based in Germany. The latest report of CCPI, released at COP27, shows Denmark, Sweden, Chile and Morocco as the only four small countries that were ranked above India as 4th, 5th, 6th and 7th respectively. The first, second and third ranks were not awarded to any country. In effect therefore, India’s rank is the best amongst all large economies.
The CCPI aims to enhance transparency in international climate politics and enables comparison of climate protection efforts and progress made by individual countries. Published annually since 2005, the CCPI is an independent monitoring tool for tracking the climate protection performance of 59 countries and the EU. Every year, the CCPI sets off important public and political debates within the countries assessed. The climate protection performance of these 59 countries, which together account for 92 percent of global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, is assessed in four categories: GHG Emissions (40 percent of overall score), Renewable Energy (20 percent of overall score), Energy Use (20 percent of overall score) and Climate Policy (20 percent of overall score).
India earned a high rating in the GHG Emissions and Energy Use categories, while a medium for Climate Policy and Renewable Energy. The aggressive policies of India towards rapid deployment of renewables and robust framework for energy efficiency programmes have shown considerable impact. As per the CCPI report, India is on track to meet its 2030 emissions targets (compatible with a well-below-2°C scenario).
The ranking given by CCPI places India as the only G-20 country in the top 10 rank. With India assuming the G-20 Presidency, it is an opportune time to show the world about its climate mitigation policies such as deployment of renewable sources of energy and other energy transition programmes.