Country stands committed to combating climate change through its several programmes and schemes including the National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC), said Ashwini Kumar Choubey, Minister of State, Ministry of Environment, Forest & Climate Change while addressing the Rajya Sabha on December 16.
As per a press release by the ministry, the NAPCC comprises missions in specific areas of solar energy, energy efficiency, water, sustainable agriculture, Himalayan ecosystem, sustainable habitat, green India, and strategic knowledge for climate change.
According to the release, the NAPCC provides an overarching framework for all climate actions.
Choubey stated that the government is also implementing the National Adaptation Fund (NAF) for climate change to support adaptation measures of states and union territories in areas that are particularly vulnerable to the adverse impacts of climate change.
Almost 33 states and union territories have prepared their State Action Plan on Climate Change (SAPCC) in line with NAPCC taking into account the state-specific issues relating to climate change. These SAPCCs outline sector-specific and cross-sectoral priority actions, including adaptation.
"Reports from various sources including IPCC highlight that the challenges faced due to global warming are mainly due to cumulative historical and current greenhouse gas emissions of the developed countries. India with more than 17% of global population has contributed only about 4 % of the global cumulative greenhouse gas emissions between 1850 and 2017," said Choubey, while addressing the Parliament.
As per another press release by the ministry, there is no established study for India providing a quantified attribution of climate change to the triggering of natural disasters leading to loss of life and property.
While many studies monitor the impact of disasters such as floods, drought and heat, the science of attribution of these changes particularly to climate change is far more complex and currently an evolving subject.
Most studies so far have relied on mathematical modelling of climate change impacts but these are yet to be empirically verified.
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