Climate change is real and India’s has been one of the most affected countries. This was proven by the latest e Global Climate Risk Index 2021 report that states that India is among the top 10 most affected countries by climate change.
The report published by Germanwatch, a Bonn-based environmental organization released just ahead of the Global Adaptation Summit hosted by Netherlands.
Here are the highlights of the report:
1. ‘Extremely severe’ cyclone Fani affected 28 million people, killing 90 people in India and Bangladesh, and causing economic loss to the tune of US$8.1 billion.
2. Globally, 11.8 million people were affected by intense monsoon with the economic damage estimated to be US $10 billion.
3. Eight of the 10 countries most affected between 2000 and 2019 are developing countries with low or lower middle income per capita.
4. Tropical Cyclone ‘Idai’ caused catastrophic damage and a humanitarian crisis, making Mozambique and Zimbabwe the two most affected countries in 2019.
5. Between 2000 and 2019, over 475,000 people lost their lives as a direct result of more than 11,000 extreme weather events globally and losses amounted to around US $2.56 trillion (in purchasing power parities
“It is not surprising to know that India appears to be in the top 10 most affected countries. As IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change) scientists, we have been pointing towards extreme risk an emerging market like India is going to face due to very rapidly changing climatic conditions,” Dr. Anjal Prakash, research director and adjunct associate professor at Bharti Institute of Public Policy told media.
He added, “India is blessed by many ecologies – glaciers, high mountains, long coastlines as well as massive semi-arid regions which are the hotspots for climate change. Global warming is leading to an increase in the frequency of cyclones, melting of glaciers at much faster rates, and heatwaves. A majority of the Indian population is dependent on agriculture, which is being severely affected by the impact of climate change. This year, India saw many of its cities drowning due to variability of the monsoon system.”